Part of being a responsible plant grower and seller is following rules put in place for the greater good of our country as a whole. Oncidiums require plenty of light, and although these orchids are more tolerant than other species, the light should be indirect. To water your orchid, immerse the pot in water until the potting medium is soaked through. The distinctive shape of the blooms, carried on many-branched stems give oncidium orchid its common name: Dancing Lady Orchid. The easiest way to propagate a Dancing Lady orchid is by division, once it grows large enough. Some species will even flower multiple times within the year. You may need to cut the pot away to avoid damaging the plant. Those orchid are just gorgeous. In the wild, almost all Oncidium (pronounced on-sid-ee-um) orchids are epiphytes, growing on tree branches where they anchor themselves with their thick roots. Oncidiums are commonly called Dancing Ladies. Oncidiums actually love water, but the trick is to provide adequate drainage. Many types of oncidiums will grow under artificial light, Four fluorescent tubes supplemented with incandescent bulbs and placed 6 to 12 inches over the plants are necessary for proper growth. A good guideline is 2000 to 4000 footcandles of light. Just make sure you don’t overdo this, and remember that the best way to get your orchid to flower is to give it the best all-round care. in the horticultural trade, is a genus that contains about 330 species of orchids from the subtribe Oncidiinae of the orchid family (Orchidaceae).As presently conceived (May 2014), it is distributed across much of South America, Central America, Mexico and the West Indies, with one species (O. ensatum) extending into Florida. To stop the rot spreading, you may need to remove the rotten pseudobulb. If skies are cloudy, applications once a month are sufficient. However, they are more particular about care than many other types of orchid. Orchids with limp or soft leaves like the moth and lady slipper types tend to grow best under more sensitive light conditions. These plants have extremely fragile roots, so take care when repotting an Oncidium orchid. Oncidium, abbreviated as Onc. The easiest way to propagate a Dancing Lady orchid is by division, once it grows large enough. It depends on their growth stage as well as the time of day and season. These types of orchids need enough food to thrive. Keep a close eye on the spike when it begins to produce flower buds for aphids, 20-20-20 (NPK) – 2 grams per litre of water – Spray once in every alternative weeks (14 Days) - On Blooming Periods (Once in a Month). This instruction sheet deals with Oncidium types that have thin leaves, pseudobulbs, and branching sprays of bloom. Be very careful not to damage the fragile roots. If you’ve accidentally over-watered your orchid, you may find its pseudobulbs starting to go mushy and rotten. Related: How to Prune an Orchid: Step by Step Guide. This will give the orchid adequate time to dry before the lower night temperature sets in. They are prone to root rot so must not be overwatered ; Paphiopedilum, slipper orchid – These orchids can be grown outside the tropics with some shelter. Those roots that are white or tan and are firm to the touch should be left alone. Oncidiums can be divided when there are 6 or more pseudobulbs. Osmunda fern fiber is another great option if you’re able to find it. Oncidiums like to be slightly underpotted in a very free-draining bark-based potting media. Oncidium orchids have thin roots so repotting is a very delicate job. Like most orchid species, Oncidium orchids prefer medium to high humidity. A large, well-grown plant might yield six or seven-branched sprays of yellow flowers. Plants with thin leaves will require slightly more water than those with water-retaining leaves. Many are hybrids within the Oncidium Alliance and will include crosses with Miltonia and Ondotoglossum, some of these require slightly different care especially relating to … One way to increase humidity is by placing the plant pot on a flat surface, like a tray, filled with pebbles or rock chips and water (1). Make sure the light is indirect. Plants potted in a bark mixture should be carefully pulled out of the pot. Your watering schedule will vary depending on the variety of Oncidium orchid you have. Make sure the temperature stays above 55 degrees Fahrenheit. Wrinkled pseudobulbs are a sign that the orchid needs more water. Oncidium orchids, also commonly known as “Dancing Lady” orchids, are known for their vibrant colors and uniquely shaped flowers. Oncidium orchids can grow in almost any environment, whether in the coast or at high altitudes. How often it needs to be done depends on the plant, but generally, they should only be repotted once every two years. Roots that are bad and should be cut off are those that are brown and mushy or papery. Wait until the plant has finished blooming, to avoid damaging it. They can also sometimes grow on rocks. The gravel-filled trays are filled with water to a level just below the surface. This may induce the plant to flower. As epiphytic orchids, they absorb a lot of the moisture they need from humidity in the air, through their roots. If the leaves are turning much darker, check whether your plant is getting enough Sunlight. Many oncidiums will form large clumps of pseudobulbs and develop into rather large plants. They can usually survive in leafmold compost but using this medium is not advisable. Related: How to Repot an Orchid: Step by Step Guide. Why Are My Plant’s Leaves Turning Yellow? This will prevent the plant from wasting any further resources on them. These are a thickened part of the stem used for water storage. Depending on the variety the flowering season can be at any time of year, but is generally heaviest in the fall and spring. This makes cultural generalizations hard. One list I saw had over 300 named alliances. For this reason, overwatering is not a good idea for these orchids. It’s important to know what to do and what NOT to do in order to successfully grow these beautiful orchids. It’s important to know how to water your Oncidium orchid. The most common flower variety is often referred to as the "Dancing Lady". Oncidiums are magnificent in bloom. These are often combined with a thermometer, which is handy. Oncidiums generally have different water requirements during different stages of their growth, but a rule of thumb is that they should never be overwatered. They have been freely hybridized. Find out how to grow these orchids in this article. Always grow your dancing lady orchid in a pot with a drainage hole. There are actually several hundred recognized oncidium species, but the naming is not stable, so there is considerable flux as experts reclassify plants. It’s therefore important to fertilize them regularly or they will be unhealthy. Repot these pieces in fresh potting mix and care for them just as you would with a new plant. Many types of oncidiums will grow under artificial light, Four fluorescent tubes supplemented with incandescent bulbs and placed 6 to 12 inches over the plants are necessary for proper growth. Remember, the light filters through the treetops in the wild, rather than striking the plant directly. You can use a sterile blade to help, but only when necessary. This will make the orchid die. The temperature should not drop below 55 degrees Fahrenheit at night. Related: How to Water an Orchid: Care Guide. The frequency of watering varies with respect to the media used , surrounding temperature and the ventilation provided. Oncidiums actually love water, but the trick is to provide adequate drainage. Too much direct sunlight can actually burn blossoms. However, these plants love humidity, so the ideal is actually between 55% and 75%. Oncidium dancing ladies developed in the rainforest, growing on tree branches in the air instead of in the soil. Dancing Lady Orchid Care. You can find them growing high in the Andes, and in the Amazon rainforest. Oncidiums need specific humidity levels, at least between 40% and 50%. Pests and Other Oncidium Related Problems. This will diffuse the light, while still letting most of it through. This will make the orchid die. Do not expose them to cold drafts or temperatures below about 10° C as that may cause the plant to slow its growth if exposed long. They can be easily divided into clumps when repotting. In addition, you can give your plant some fertilizer every 2 to 3 weeks, which will help provide it with the nutrients it needs. So, you should aim to keep the temperature around 75-80 degrees Fahrenheit during the day. What divides orchids from other flowers is not only the fact they can be high-maintenance but also their out-of-this-world appearance. A wrong potting medium can be very dangerous for your Oncidium orchid. Although oncidiums are known for their yellow flowers, other varieties are available. You might be over-watering it and causing root rot. It’s fine for the temperature to drop a bit, however, as that will help the plants bloom. Aug 30, 2015 - Oncidium orchids are known as dancing lady or dancing doll orchids for their distinctive floral design. Oncidiums can be found in many habitats, from semiarid subtropical lowlands to cool and misty cloud forests. Similar to having a schedule of light that will help your orchid grow, having a watering schedule is also a good idea for Oncidium. If it has turned dark in color, the mix is still wet and you should wait a day or two. Try … Leave a comment below and let us know! If you enjoyed this article, please share it using the buttons below. Nicknamed dancing ladies because the oncidium’s large flower petal brings to mind full yellow skirts – especially when fluttering in a light breeze. For this reason, overwatering is not a good idea for these orchids. Just make sure to check the actual humidity, temperature, and light levels there, as this varies from home to home. Again, you can get a meter to measure this. One of the best types of artificial light you can provide for your orchids is by using L.E.D Grow Lights. Check out our repotting guide to learn how to do this safely. The roots should be allowed to nearly dry out between each watering session. The Dancing Lady Orchid (Oncidium) is an easy to grow common garden orchid which is perfect for beginners and produces long sprays of small, bright, spotty flowers that look like ‘dancing ladies’. Sparingly, when pseudobulbs start to wrinkle, Medium-grade mix of 1:1 bark and sphagnum moss, Expose to cooler temperatures to encourage blooming, Weak 30-10-10 fertilizer, every 2 to 3 weeks, Remove old spikes and rotten pseudobulbs, when necessary. Most of its flowers were already open when I bought it. On the other hand, if you notice that the top compost is completely dry, it’s usually a sign you should water your orchid again. If you have miniblinds or sheer curtains, you can break the light so that it is more diffused. Dancing lady orchids require between 55% to 75% humidity. We use cookies to ensure we give you the best experience on our website. Propagation is by division. They should be repotted about once in every two years. The flower spikes on Oncidiums generally grow to a medium or tall length and branch out in several directions. Be very careful not to damage the fragile roots. The plants can bloom when they are as short as 30-40cm and can grow up to 50cm tall (not considering the flower spikes). Then, drain it thoroughly and make sure there is no standing water left. Plant it with the base of any new growth no more than ½ inch deep in the orchid bark. The roots are aerial (because orchid vanda uses them to hold onto the surface). Two weeks ago, I bought a pot of yellow dancing lady orchids. Related: How Often Do Orchids Bloom? Read more "Vanda Orchid Care Guide – How to Grow Singapore Orchid" Oncidium Care Guide – How to Grow Dancing Lady Orchid. Oncidium Orchid Care. As with many other orchid varieties, Oncidium orchid care depends on keeping the plants in loose, well-drained rooting medium and imitating the environment in which it first developed. The species usually cultivated are epiphytes, and often have arching sprays of brown and yellow flowers. As we’ll see later, a combination of bark and moss tends to work well. They can withstand considerable drought because of their large pseudobulbs. Generally speaking, it’s best to keep your orchid in a … The Oncidium family is very large and includes many flower varieties. Oncidiums are popular indoor and florist orchids for a very good reason, their large sprays of flowers often sag with dozens of blooms. If you’re worried about this, you can buy a thin cloth screen to put over your window. Pot your dancing lady orchid in a special orchid bark mixture, available at nurseries and garden centers. We really like the Sharry Baby, which is sometimes called the “chocolate orchid” due to its scent. What can I do to slow down the flowers' wilting? Pots should have several holes in them to promote drainage and airflow. Because they have relatively fine roots, don’t use a very coarse mix as you would for a Phalaenopsis – go for a medium-grade mix instead. Try to leave less than an inch of the spike. Alternatively, you can keep your plant in one of the more humid rooms in your house, such as a kitchen or bathroom. However, with proper care, it’s possible to grow them relatively easily. Different species of Oncidium orchid bloom at different times throughout the year. Once they start to blossom and give flowers, it’s important to move your orchid to a cooler place without direct sunlight. High-Phosphorus Fertilizer for Blooming: 0-52-34 (MPK) – 1 gram per litre of water – Spray on every alternative weeks (14 Days) - Except on Blooming Period. Note, however, that the water level should be below the top of pebbles so … Because they generally grow with their roots exposed to the air, Dancing Lady orchids require specific watering routines so as not to rot the roots. Oncidiums prefer clean water without a lot of mineral content. Simply place the plant into a new pot, placing the oldest growth towards the back of the pot so there is room for the newer growths to develop for about 1-2 years. The most common flower variety is often referred to as the "Dancing Lady". (And How Can I Make It Happen?). One of the most famous cultivars is Oncidium kramerianum, originally from Colombia and Ecuador. There are actually several hundred recognized oncidium species, but the naming is not stable, so there is considerable flux as experts reclassify plants. They grow from bulbs that are used as water and nutrient storage. Most species can be grown mounted, and smaller species can be grown in pots. Aggressive repotting can kill an orchid. South windows will work but one should be careful of the brilliant sun that will come in during the fall through spring months. If you’d like to download this as a handy cheat sheet, right-click the image below and select “Save Image”: We recommend printing it off and keeping it by your orchid. They have glossy green, thick leaves. If the shadow cast by your hand is clear and dark, you’ll know you have enough light to support an Oncidium. Do not expose them to cold drafts or temperatures below about 10. cause the plant to slow its growth if exposed long. Again, use a sharp sterile blade to do this and be careful not to remove too much healthy tissue. These types of orchids generally require lots of food, be it in the wild or when grown in cultivation. Use a 30-10-10 orchid fertilizer and dilute it to quarter to half strength. This species is widely available and is great for beginners. Orchids with leathery or few leaves like cattleyas and the dancing lady type tend to do best in high-light environments such as a south-facing windowsill. Oncidiums store water in their pseudobulbs, making them more tolerant of dry media than wet. Oncidiums don’t like too many minerals in their water, so distilled water is a good option. Our simple care guides will teach you how to grow beautiful, brilliant orchids. In the winter, reduce watering to bimonthly or less. Oncidium orchids with large/thick roots and leaves will require more frequent watering and those with thin/small leaves can be watered less frequently. Related: How to Propagate Orchids: Complete Care Guide. You can use a standard household thermometer to measure this. Metalhalide and sodium-vapor bulbs also provide sufficient … Orchids' exotic blooms add color to your home or garden. How to Care for Oncidium Dancing Ladies They like a position in part shade, with high humidity. The smaller pot, the better. The frequency of watering varies with respect to the media used . If you need to, you can increase humidity using a humidifier or humidity tray. I got curious and looked at a plant label to learn they are called Oncidiums Alliances or Dancing Lady Orchids. This means that in the wild, they grow on trees by clinging to the bark. Check out our fertilizer guide for more detail on how to choose the right type of fertilizer and apply it correctly: Related: Orchid Fertilizer: Everything You Need to Know. My room is usually 20 °C or 70 °F, my room faces south with a big window. Then, start dividing your orchid into pieces with at least 3 to 4 pseudobulbs per piece. It also collects moisture through the roots. This will often ensure similar lighting conditions. After the blooming season has finished, you can remove the old flowering spikes from your Oncidium. Oncidiums prefer clean water without a lot of mineral content. If you want to check whether you’ve got this right, the most reliable way is to buy a light meter. The fibers in cocopeat will provide adequate drainage for your orchid, which is important for its growth. Hey there! The most popular species include O. Leucochilum, O. Longipes, O. Sarcodes, O. Pulchellum, as well as many hybrids. Dancing Lady orchids are usually epiphytes, depending on the variety. The Oncidesa Goldiana (1940) or locally better known as the Dancing Lady Orchid is a hybrid between Gomesa flexuosa × Oncidium sphacelatum. Sara A - Z Plants / Orchids Leave a comment. Many types of oncidiums will grow under artificial light, Four fluorescent tubes supplemented with incandescent bulbs and placed 6 to 12 inches over the plants are necessary for proper growth. The average temperature in the Amazon, for instance, is about 77 degrees Fahrenheit. Overwatering as well as underwatering are common mistakes. Fungal and Bacterial Diseases of Oncidiums are common because of the levels of humidity and substrate they need to survive. The higher temperature rises, the higher must be the humidity of the air, and the higher the humidity of the air, the more often and longer it is necessary to ventilate the room where the orchids are kept, otherwise there is a high probability of decay and appearance on the leaves of various fungal diseases. Many hybrids can bloom 2-3 times per year. Just make sure you have at least three pseudobulbs in each division. To do this, carefully remove your orchid from its pot. Orchid Potting Mix: Care Guide & Information, Best Orchid Pots: Beginner’s Buying Guide, How to Repot an Orchid: Step by Step Guide, the flowers can last for a few weeks or even a few months, How Often Do Orchids Bloom? They require lots of light, and you should take extra care when choosing a potting mix or repotting an Oncidium, due to their relatively fine roots. If you’d like to see all this in action, check out this great YouTube video from MissOrchidGirl: Here are some common questions about Oncidiums: Some species of Oncidium are easier to grow than others. Each orchid has its own beauty and many people love infatuated beauty of orchid Oncidium. To do this, carefully remove your orchid from its pot. The Oncidium family is very large and includes many flower varieties. Other methods such as cuttings and Keikis are uncommon. I've no problem at all with following rules set by those who know best and even less problem with the very reasonable fees charged by our regulatory agencies. These plants should live in an area with at least 40 percent humidity, although humidity levels between 50 and 60 percent are ideal. Another factor to consider is the ti… Choosing a correct pot is also important. The flowers have reduced … Never pick a too large pot for your oncidium. I think differently. The higher temperature rises, the higher must be the humidity of the air, and the higher the humidity of the air, the more often and longer it is necessary to ventilate the room where the orchids are kept, otherwise there is a high probability of decay and appearance on the leaves of various fungal diseases. We can help. Repotting should be done after the growth season. You can also use the “hand test” – on a bright, clear day, hold your hand about 12 inches away from the leaves of your plant. There are an endless number of orchid varieties to grow, both indoors and out. Generally speaking, Oncidium orchids require the most water when they are starting to grow and beginning to blossom. South windows will work but one should be careful of the brilliant sun that will come in during the fall through spring months. Oncidiums store water in their pseudobulbs, making them more tolerant of dry media than wet. A plump lead pseudobulb indicates a well-hydrated plant. Related: Orchid Potting Mix: Care Guide & Information, Related: Best Orchid Pots: Beginner’s Buying Guide. When you pull the pencil out, check the wooden end. This one is called the “butterfly orchid” because of its golden-yellow flowers with brown freckles. However, over fertilization is bad for your plant. Also known as Dancing Lady - Golden Shower, orchid Oncidium flowers bloom into small drops of flowers. Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site! In order to initiate the flower spikes, it is important to grow the plant in an area where the night temperatures fall below 18° C. Usually plants growing by a window are a couple of degrees cooler than the rest of the house. Water to a medium or tall length and branch out in several directions cold or hot as. Quantities works best orchid is feeling the happiness of the most popular species O.. As temperamental and difficult to grow them relatively easily 4 pseudobulbs per piece particular care! 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